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1000 years
Bulgakov. Christ the King Category: 1000 years Vatican. Chiliasm

1000 years
World beyond the grave
According to Fr. Sergei Bulgakov

Reigned with Christ a thousand years

1 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. Лк 8, 31. Откр 1, 18.
2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, 2 Пет 2, 4. Иуд 1, 6. Откр 12, 9.
3 And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.
4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years (καὶ ἔζησαν καὶ ἐβασίλευσαν μετὰ Χριστοῦ τά χίλια ἔτη). Дан 7, 9, 22. Дан 8, 17. Мф 19, 28. 1 Кор 6, 2. 2 Тим 2, 12. Откр 6, 11.
5 But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.
6 Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years. Ис 61, 6. Откр 1, 6. Откр 21, 7.

“In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions, your old men will dream dreams. Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy.”

14 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words:
15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.
16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel;
17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: Ис 44, 3. Зах 12, 10. Ин 7, 39. Деян 11, 28. Деян 16, 9. Деян 21, 9.
18 And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:
19 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke:
20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come:
21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved. Иоил 2, 28-32. Rom 10, 13.

Participation of spiritually resurrected souls in the human history

What are the main features of the story of the thousand-year kingdom? This kingdom begins in the spiritual world: Coming down from heaven, an casts the devil into a bottomless pit and chains him, that “he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled; and after that he must be loosed a little season” (Rev.20:1-3). This describes a certain event in the spiritual world whose effect is manifested in human history. According to Revelation, human history takes place simultaneously in heaven and on earth (cf. Rev. 5:8-12; 6:9-11; 7:9-17; 14:1-5; 15:1-4).

The main feature of this event is a temporary paralysis of the evil power, which leads to a general change in the spiritual atmosphere, a palpable manifestation of the victorious power of good. But this is accompanied by what Revelation calls the «first resurrection», ἡ ἀνάστασις ή ποώτη (a terminus technicus with an article). As a special form of resurrection, it must be distinguished, first of all, from the universal resurrection in the flesh, about which the Gospels and the apostolic epistles speak. Revelation 20:4 says about «souls» not that they were resurrected (in the flesh) but simply that they «came back to life», ἔζησαν. This is resurrection neither in the sense in which the Lord resurrected the dead (the boy, the girl, and Lazarus) nor in the sense in which all wil be resurrected by the Lord on the last day (John 6:54). What is evidently meant is a spiritual resurrection, which consists in the communication to souls of a special energy enabling them to participate, from that side, in the life of the world and human history. This is expressed in the words: «they came back to life and reigned with Christ a thousand years» (Rev. 20:4; translation based on that in the Russian Bible). To this is added the contrast: «the rest of the dead did not came back to life until the thousand years were finished» (v.5; translation based on that in the Russian Bible). Further it is said: «they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years» (v.6).

… Here it is a question of their participation in history, which is, according to aforesaid, the institution of Christ's reign in the world, by virtue of His «royal ministry». Of course, their participation in continuing history is different from the fullness of life of the generations that live on earth during this time. Those who come back to life acquire a special activity not possessed by others who «repose in the Lord», to whom it is said «that they should rest yet for a little season» (6:11). … Only one thing is clear: the barrier dividing the two worlds, this world and that world, becomes so thin here that the arena of history expands, and history is made not only by the living generations but also with the participation of those who «came back to life».

We believe in the efficacy of the prayer of the saints, offered for us here and there, and — heart trembling — we entrust our life to the care of the love and prayer of those close to us.

The Apocalypse reveals in all its profundity this active participation of the deceased in our life through their prayers; and the priceless symbol of the «first resurrection» and of the thousand-year kingdom speaks to us of something even greater. Those who have «come back to life» in the first resurrection, that is, those abiding now with a soul but without a body, are called … to reign with Christ for a thousand years.

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